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    Developmental Plans in India

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    Abhishek

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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sat Apr 30, 2011 8:12 pm

    The Council for Advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology (CAPART)

    The Council for Advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology (CAPART) was set up as a pioneer organisation in September, 1986, as a supporting and funding agency for the Voluntary Organisations (VOs) by merging two organisations, namely, People’s Action for Development (India) and Council for Advancement of Rural Technology (CART) with the mandate to promote voluntary action and propagate appropriate rural technologies for the benefit of the rural masses. Since then, CAPART has been contributing towards the rural development and poverty alleviation through the work of VOs at the grassroots level and by supplementing Government’s efforts.
    The Minister for Rural Development, Government of India, is the President of the Council and also the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Council.
    The General Body comprises, not exceeding, 100 members representing voluntary agencies, Central and States Government, institutions engaged in activities connected with rural development, rural technology and individuals possessing experience/expertise relevant to the furtherance of the aforesaid objectives of CAPART. They are nominated by the President of the Council.The Executive Committee of CAPART comprises a maximum of 25 members nominated by the President of CAPART from amongst the members of the General Body. There is also a Standing Committee on Finance and Appointments which is chaired by the Director.
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sat Apr 30, 2011 8:12 pm

    Bharat Nirman

    Bharat Nirman is a a time-bound plan for rural infrastructure by the Government of India in partnership with State Governments and Panchayat Raj Institutions.It was launched in 2005. It has 6 components:


    • Water : Every habitation to have a safe source of drinking water: 55,067 uncovered habitations to be covered by 2009. In addition all habitations which have slipped back from full coverage to partial coverage due to failure of source and habitations which have water quality problems to be addressed
    • Roads: Every habitation over 1000 population and above (500 in hilly and tribal areas) to be provided an all-weather road: remaining 66,802 habitations to be covered by 2009
    • Irrigation: 10 million hectares (100 lakhs) of additional irrigation capacity to be created by 2009 60 lakh houses to be constructed for the rural poor by 2009
    • Telephone Connectivity: Every village to be connected by telephone: remaining 66,822 villages to be covered by November 2007
    • Electricity : Every village to be provided electricity: remaining 1,25,000 villages to be covered by 2009 as well as connect 2.3 crore households
    • Housing : To construct 60 lakh additional houses for poor underIndira Awas Yojna

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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:18 am

    Accredited Social Health Activist ASHA


    ASHA is a new band of community under National Rural Health Mission, which serves as first port of call for any health related demands of deprived sections of the population, especially women and children, who find it difficult to access health services. The main objective is to provide every village in the country with a trained female community health activist – ‘ASHA’ or Accredited Social Health Activist. Selected from the village itself and accountable to it, the ASHA will be trained to work as an interface between the community and the public health system.

    Key Components:
    1. ASHA must primarily be a woman resident of the village – married/ widowed/ divorced, preferably in the age group of 25 to 45 years.
    2. She should be a literate woman with formal education up to class eight. This may be relaxed only if no suitable person with this qualification is available.
    3. ASHA will be chosen through a rigorous process of selection involving various community groups, self-help groups, Anganwadi Institutions, the Block Nodal officer, District Nodal officer, the village Health Committee and the Gram Sabha.
    4. Capacity building of ASHA is being seen as a continuous process. ASHA will have t undergo series of training episodes to acquire the necessary knowledge, skills and confidence for performing her spelled out roles.
    5. The ASHAs will receive performance-based incentives for promoting universal immunization, referral and escort services for Reproductive & Child Health (RCH) and other healthcare programmes, and construction of household toilets.
    6. Empowered with knowledge and a drug-kit to deliver first-contact healthcare, every ASHA is expected to be a fountainhead of community participation in public health programmes in her village.
    7. ASHA will be the first port of call for any health related demands of deprived sections of the population, especially women and children, who find it difficult to access health services.
    8. ASHA will be a health activist in the community who will create awareness on health and its social determinants and mobilise the community towards local health planning and increased utilisation and accountability of the existing health services.
    9. She would be a promoter of good health practices and will also provide a minimum package of curative care as appropriate and feasible for that level and make timely referrals.
    10. ASHA will provide information to the community on determinants of health such as nutrition, basic sanitation & hygienic practices, healthy living and working conditions, information on existing health services and the need for timely utilisation of health & family welfare services.
    11. She will counsel women on birth preparedness, importance of safe delivery, breast-feeding and complementary feeding, immunization, contraception and prevention of common infections including Reproductive Tract Infection/Sexually Transmitted Infections (RTIs/STIs) and care of the young child.
    12. ASHA will mobilise the community and facilitate them in accessing health and health related services available at the Anganwadi/sub-centre/primary health centers, such as immunisation, Ante Natal Check-up (ANC), Post Natal Check-up supplementary nutrition, sanitation and other services being provided by the government.
    13. She will act as a depot older for essential provisions being made available to all habitations like Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORS), Iron Folic Acid Tablet(IFA), chloroquine, Disposable Delivery Kits (DDK), Oral Pills & Condoms, etc.
    14. At the village level it is recognised that ASHA cannot function without adequate institutional support. Women’s committees (like self-help groups or women’s health committees), village Health & Sanitation Committee of the Gram Panchayat, peripheral health workers especially ANMs and Anganwadi workers, and the trainers of ASHA and in-service periodic training would be a major source of support to ASHA.
    website of ASHA :http://www.mohfw.nic.in/eag/accredited_social_health_activis.htm
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:21 am

    Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)



    • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is Government of India's flagship programme for achievement of Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) in a time bound manner, as mandated by 86th amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory Education to the Children of 6-14 years age group, a Fundamental Right.

    • SSA is being implemented in partnership with State Governments to cover the entire country and address the needs of 192 million children in 1.1 million habitations.

    • The programme seeks to open new schools in those habitations which do not have schooling facilities and strengthen existing school infrastructure through provision of additional class rooms, toilets, drinking water, maintenance grant and school improvement grants.

    • Existing schools with inadequate teacher strength are provided with additional teachers, while the capacity of existing teachers is being strengthened by extensive training, grants for developing teaching-learning materials and strengthening of the academic support structure at a cluster, block and district level.

    • SSA seeks to provide quality elementary education including life skills. SSA has a special focus on girl's education and children with special needs.

    • SSA also seeks to provide computer education to bridge the digital divide.
      Website: http://www.ssa.nic.in/
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:22 am

    Mid-day Meal Scheme

    The Mid-day Meal Scheme involves provision of lunch free of cost to school-children on all working days.
    Key Objectives: The key objectives of the programme are:


    • Protecting children from classroom hunger
    • Increasing school enrolment and attendance
    • Improved socialisation among children belonging to all castes
    • Addressing malnutrition, and social empowerment through provision of employment to women.
    The scheme has a long history especially in Tamil Nadu and Gujarat, and has been expanded to all parts of India after alandmark direction by the Supreme Court of India on November 28, 2001.


    • The success of this scheme is illustrated by the tremendous increase in the school participation and completion rates in the state of Tamilnadu.

    • Allocation for this programme has been enhanced from Rs. 3010 crore to Rs. 4813 crore (Rs 48 billion, $1.2 billion) in 2006-2007.

    • This program is being run by Akshaya Patra Foundation and is the world’s largest school meal programme being implemented across seven states in India and covering about ten lakh students in over 4,800 schools. The allocation was of Rs. 8000 crore for the Mid-Day meal schemes in the interim budget 2009.

    • This is world's largest school feeding programme.

    • The revised nutritional Norms are as under :
    At Primary Level (up to 5th Standard)


    • Energy 450 K. Cal

    • Proteins 12 gms.

    • adequate micronutrients like Iron, Vitamin A , Folic Acid etc.
    At Secondary Level (6th -8th Standard)


    • Energy 700 cal
    • proteins 20 gms
    • adequate micronutrients like Iron, Vitamin A , Folic Acid etc.
    Update : November 25, 2009 (Revision of Mid-day Meal Scheme)


    • The Government has revised the food norm for upper primary children by increasing the quantity of pulses from 25 to 30 grams, vegetables from 65 to 75 grams and by decreasing the quantity of oil and fats from 10 to 7.5 grams.

    • It has also revised the cooking cost (excluding the labour and administrative charges) to Rs. 2.50 for primary and Rs. 3.75 for upper primary children. A separate component for payment of honorarium of Rs. 1000 per month to cook-cum-helper and a norm for engaging cook-cum-helper have been introduced.

    • The cost of construction of kitchen-cum-store will be determined on the basis of State Schedule of Rates and the plinth area norm laid down by the Department of School Education & Literacy.

    • The expenditure towards the cooking cost, the cost of construction of kitchen-cum-store and the honorarium of cook-cum-helper will be shared between the centre and the north Eastern (NE) States on 90:10 basis and with other States/UTs on 75:25 basis.

    • Transportation assistance in the 11 Special Category States (viz. Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttarakhand and Tripura) has been made at par with the Public Distribution System (PDS) rates prevalent in these States.

    • As a result of this, the share of Central Government will increase by Rs. 10140.33 crore for balance period of the 11th Plan.

    • The Mid Day Meal Scheme Guidelines stipulate that under no circumstance the teachers will be assigned responsibilities, which impede or interfere with teaching learning process in schools.

    • Their involvement in the programme is limited to ensure that good quality, wholesome food is served to children and actual serving and eating is undertaken in a spirit of togetherness, under hygienic conditions and in an orderly manner in about 30-40 minutes.
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:23 am

    Integrated Child Development Sevices Programme


    • The Integrated Child Development Sevices Programme aims at providing services to pre-school children in an integrated manner so as to ensure proper growth and development of children in rural, tribal and slum areas. ICDS is a centrally sponsored scheme.

    • Launched on 2nd October 1975 in 33 Community Development Blocks, ICDS today represents one of the world’s largest programmes for early childhood development. ICDS is the foremost symbol of India’s commitment to her children – India’s response to the challenge of providing pre-school education on one hand and breaking the vicious cycle of malnutrition, morbidity, reduced learning capacity and mortality, on the other.

    • It is an inter-sectoral programme which seeks to directly reach out to children, below six years, especially from vulnerable and remote areas and give them a head-start by providing an integrated programme of early childhood education, health and nutrition. No programme on Early Childhood Care and Education can succeed unless mothers are also brought within it ambit as it is in the lap of the mother that human beings learn the first lessons in life.

    Objectives:


    • To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age group of 0 to 6 years.

    • To lay the foundations for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child.

    • To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school drop-out.

    • To achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development.

    • To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:24 am

    Integrated Low Cost Sanitation (ILCS) Scheme
    What this Scheme is About?


    • The "Integrated Low Cost Sanitation" Scheme aims at conversion of individual dry latrine into pour flush latrine thereby liberating manual scavengers from the age old, obnoxious practice of manually carrying night soil.
    History:


    • ILCS scheme was initially started in 1980-81 through the Ministry of Home Affairs and later through Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.

    • The scheme was transferred in 1989-90 to Ministry of Urban Development & Poverty Alleviation and from 2003-2004 onwards to Ministry of UEPA/HUPA.
    Objectives & Progress:


    • The scheme has helped in constructing/converting over 28 lakh latrines to liberate over 60000 scavengers so far. While implementing the ILCS scheme, it was observed that the scheme did not perform well due to various reasons.

    • To make the scheme more attractive and implementable the Guidelines have been revised w.e.f. 17th January, 2008.

    • The main objective of the Scheme is to convert low cost sanitation units through sanitary two pit pour flush latrines with superstructures and appropriate variations to suit local conditions (area specific latrines), but 25% of the funds of the scheme are also made available for construction of new latrines where EWS households have no latrines. Under the Scheme, central subsidy is 75%, State Subsidy 15% and beneficiary share is 10%. The upper ceiling cost is Rs. 10,000/- for the complete unit. For the States falling in the category of difficult and hilly areas, 25% extra cost is provided. 2009-10 is aimed to be the last year of the scheme.

    • Within the last one year, States of Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Nagaland and Assam have stated that they have no dry latrines in their states. Presently only four States remain in the country who need to address this issue namely, Bihar, Uttarakhand, J&K and UP. Under the revised guidelines of ILCS, a total of 2,49,534 units for conversion and 36,396 units for construction have been sanctioned so far. (inputs from Press Information Bureau )
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:25 am

    Integrated Wastelands Development Programme


    The Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP),Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) and Desert Development Programme (DDP) have been consolidated and renamed Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP).
    The modified scheme of IWMP is scheduled to be implemented as per the Common Guidelines for Watershed Development Projects, 2008.The cost norm of this centrally sponsored scheme will be Rs. 12,000/- per hectare for the plains and Rs. 15,000/- per hectare for the hilly and difficult areas. The cost will be shared in the ratio of 90:10 between the Centre and the States. New components for dedicated institutions at State, District and Village level relating to livelihood activities for landless people have been incorporated in IWMP. The watershed projects sanctioned upto Xth Plan will continue to be implemented as per the existing guidelines. In Union Budget 2010-11 a provision of Rs. 2,458 crore has been made for IWMP, including Rs. 245.80 crore for North Eastern Region and Sikkim.
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:26 am

    National Agricultural Insurance Scheme


    NAIS is in operation since Rabi 1999-2000 season with a view to provide financial support to farmers in the event of crops failures. due to natural calamities, pests and diseases. Presently, the scheme is being implemented in 25 States and 2 Union Territories. An outlay of Rs. 950 Crores have been made in Union Budget 2010-11 for this scheme.
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:28 am

    Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojna

    As per resolution adopted by National Development Council, reaffirming its commitment to achieve 4% annual growth in Agriculture Sector during the XIth Plan, this scheme was launched as a State Plan scheme during 2007-08.
    The scheme will incentivize States to provide additional resources in their State Plans over and above their baseline expenditure to bridge critical gaps.
    Two new sub-components, budgeted at Rs. 700 crore, to be introduced as part of RKVY
    have been approved for 2010-11, viz.


    • Special initiative for pulses and oilseeds development in selected pulses/oilseed growing villages in rainfed areas as supplementary programmes, specifically targeted to rainfed areas and will be implemented on same parameter, as ongoing programmes for oilseeds and pulses

    • Scheme to bridge yield gap in agriculture in Eastern India. These new sub-components will be designed by the States in consultation with Govt. of India, including Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, National Rainfed Area
    Authority and Planning Commission, and would form part of the approved process of RKVY.The provision of Rs. 6,722 crore is for ‘Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana’ (RKVY) in The Union Budget 2010-11

    Source : Budget Documents 2009-10
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:29 am

    National Knowledge Network
    On March 25, 2010 Cabinet Committee on Infrastructure approves the establishment of the National Knowledge Network (NKN) at an outlay of Rs 5,990 crore to enable scientists, researchers and students from diverse spheres across the country to work together for advancing human development in critical and emerging areas.

    The implementation part will be responsibility of NIC and it will take a period of 10 years.

    Objectives:


    • NKN will catalyse knowledge sharing and knowledge transfer between stakeholders seamlessly that too across the nation and globally.

    • The NKN is expected to encourage a larger section of research and educational institutions to create intellectual property.

    • It would enable the use of specialised applications, which allow sharing of high performance computing facilities, e-libraries, virtual classrooms and very large databases.

    • Health, Education, Grid Computing, Agriculture and e-Governance are the main applications identified for implementation and delivery on NKN.

    • Applications such as countrywide classrooms will address the issue of faculty shortage and ensure quality education delivery across the country.

    • The crux of the success of the Knowledge Network is related to the education-related applications, databases and delivery of services to the users on demand.
    Architecture:


    • The architecture of the Network will be scalable and it will consist of an ultra-high speed core (multiples of 10 Gbps and upwards).

    • The core shall be complemented with a distribution layer at appropriate speeds. The participating institutions can connect to the NKN at speeds of 1 Gbps or to the distribution layer through a last mile connectivity bandwidth.

    • The NKN will provide nationwide ultra high speed backbone/data-network highway. Various other networks in the country can take advantage of this ultra high speed backbone, with national and international reach to create independent and closed user groups.
    The NKN will have about 25 core Point of Presence (PoPs) and 600 secondary PoPs. It will connect around 1,500 institutions. The Physical Infrastructure (setting up of core network) is expected to be completed in a span of 24 months. (PIB)
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:30 am

    World Tuberculosis Day 2010

    Every year, March 24 is observed all over the world as World Tuberculosis Day.
    Robert Koch:
    Dr. Robert Coach was a German physician. In 1877 he isolatedBacillus anthracis (causative agent of Anthrax) . In 1822 he isolated Tuberculosis bacillus (Causative agent of TB) and in 1883Vibrio cholera (causative agent of Cholera) He is also known to develop Koch's postulates, the four criteria designed to establish a causal relationship between a causative microbe and a disease. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his tuberculosis findings in 1905.

    Genesis of World Tuberculosis Day:
    1982 marked the 100th anniversary of Robert Koch's presentation regarding isolation of TB bacteria. International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) mooted the idea of proclamation of March 24th as official World TB Day. In 1996, the World Health Organization (WHO) joined with the IUATLD and a wide range of other concerned organizations to increase the impact of World TB Day.

    Stop TB partnership:
    Stop TB Partnership is a network of organizations and countries fighting TB. IUATLD is a member and WHO houses the secretariat in Geneva. Stop TB partnership organizes the Day to highlight the scope of the disease and how to prevent and cure it. Today, Stop TB Partnership (with its secretariat housed by WHO) is a network of more than 1 000 stakeholders; it has a Coordinating Board and 7 working groups: DOTS Expansion; Global Laboratory Initiative; MDR-TB; TB/HIV; New Drugs; New Diagnostics; New Vaccines

    Contagious Disease:
    TB is contagious and spreads through the air. If not treated, each person with active TB infects on average 10 to 15 people every year. More than 2 billion people, equal to one-third of the orld’s population, are infected with TB bacilli, the microbes that cause TB. 1 in 10 people infected with TB bacilli will become sick with active TB in their lifetime.

    Disease of Poverty:
    TB is a disease of poverty affecting mostly young adults in their most productive years. The vast majority of TB deaths are in the developing world, and more than half of all deaths occur in Asia.

    Scene in 2008:
    There were 9.4 million new TB cases in 2008 (3.6 million of whom are women) including 1.4 million cases among people living with HIV. 1.8 million people died from TB in 2008, including 500 000 people with HIV - equal to 4500 deaths a day


    Global Incidence:
    The estimated global incidence rate fell to 139 cases per 100 000 population in 2008 after peaking in 2004 at 143 cases per 100 000. Rates are falling very slowly in 5 WHO regions (the rate is stabilizing in Europe). The total number of deaths and cases is still rising due to population growth


    TB & HIV:
    TB is a leading killer of people with HIV. People who are HIV-positive and infected with TB are 20 to 40 times more likely to develop active TB than people not infected with HIV living in the same country

    Three I's:
    Critical to saving lives is the urgent implementation of the Three Is (Intensified case-finding, Isoniazid prevention therapy, and Infection control) - measures which reduce the burden of TB in people living with HIV.

    Multidrug-resistant TB
    Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) is a form of TB hat is difficult and expensive to treat and fails to respond to standard first-line drugs. Extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) occurs when resistance to second-line drugs develops on top of MDR-TB . 5% of all TB cases have MDR-TB, based on data from more than 100 countries collected during the last decade.

    There were an estimated 500 000 new MDR-TB cases in 2007. Just over 1% of cases were receiving treatment in 2008 known to be based on WHO's recommended standards.

    In 2008, WHO reported that the highest rates of MDRTB ever recorded, with peaks of up to 22% of new TB cases, were in some settings of the former Soviet Union. In the same region, 1 in 10 cases of MDR-TB is XDR-TB.

    Top 5 countries with largest number of cases:
    27 countries account for 85% of all MDR-TB cases. The top five countries with the largest number of cases are India, China, the Russian Federation, South Africa and Bangladesh. XDR-TB has been found in 57 countries to date.

    World Health Assembly MDR-TB and XDR-TB resolution
    In 2009, a World Health Assembly MDR-TB and XDR-TB resolution was endorsed by 192 WHO Member States and included recommended priority actions to combat drug-resistant TB

    TB in Millennium Development Goals:
    Millennium Development Goal 6 is "Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases" Under this goal, Goal 6C is "Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases" This speaks for Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment Short Course) to combat TB.
    TB in India:
    India accounts for 20% of all the TB cases of the world making it highest TB burden country in the world. However, India has made remarkable progress in fighting the disease, receiving support from a World Bank-financed Tuberculosis Control Project. A Joint Monitoring mission, conducted by WHO and the Government of India in September 2003, found that, under the national TB program, each day more than 10,000 symptomatic patients are examined, more than 40,000 sputum slides are checked, more than 2,500 patients are placed on treatment, and nearly 500 lives are saved.

    National Tuberculosis Control programme:
    National Tuberculosis Control programme was launched in 1962. This programme aimed at detecting and curing TB.

    Revised National TB Control Programme:
    Revised National TB Control Programme was launched on March 26, 1997 and is being implemented with assistance from World Bank, DANIDA (Danish International Development Agency) & DFID (UK Department for International Development). It now aims to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of halting and reversing the incidence of the disease. The biggest threat to the programme is the rise of strains of the disease that do not respond to standard drug treatment—multi-drug resistance and extreme drug resistance TB.

    The RNTCP comprises DOTS, Chemotherapy with 5 components:
    1. Identifying the sick, infectious TB patients,
    2. Counseling and observing the patients under medication for 2-3 months.
    3. Monitoring and analyzing the progress under treatment to make sure TB patients are cured.
    4. Ensuring successful treatments.
    5. Analyzing each group of patients and quickly identifying the districts and communities that are not achieving 85% cure rates and then to intervene with additional support and training.

    Loss Due to TB:


    • While 13442 people die every year due to HIV / AIDs in India, a large figure is there for Tuberculosis. TB causes loss of 3,30000 lives in India every year.

    • This is equivalent to US$ 3 billion indirect costs to the society and 100 million productive workdays every year.

    • Every year 1 lakh women in India are rejected every year due to TB and 3 lakh school dropouts in India due to paternal TB.
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:31 am

    Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Micro and Small Enterprises

    Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Micro and Small Enterprises is operational under Credit Support Programme for Micro Small & Medium Enterprises.

    Through this scheme, the guarantee cover is provided for collateral free credit facility extended by member lending institutions (MLIs) to the new as well as existing small enterprises on loans up to Rs. 100 lakh. In another component of Portfolio Risk Fund’ (PRF) under this programme, Government of India provides funds for Micro Finance Programme to SIDBI which is used for security deposit requirement of the loan amount from the MFIs/NGOs. The Programme also covers Trade Related Entrepreneurship Assistance and Development (TREAD) Scheme for Women under which assistance is provided for economic empowerment of women through development of their entrepreneurial skills in non- farming activities.

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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:31 am

    Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI)

    SFURTI is the first comprehensive initiative for focused regeneration of the khadi and village industries sector, based on the cluster development methodology.

    SFURTI has been introduced in October 2005 with a view to developing around 100 traditional clusters from khadi, village industry and coir sectors for comprehensive development over 5 years. KVIC and Coir Board are the nodal agencies for the scheme .

    The Scheme Steering Committee (SSC) has approved 118 clusters (32 khadi, 60 village industries and 26 coir) with additional clusters serving as a reserved cluster against any possible ‘dropout’.

    17 National level institutions have been identified as Technical Agencies under this programme for providing technical support to these clusters.Diagnostic Study Reports (DSR) and Annual Action Plans (AAP) for 96 clusters have been approved by the SSC.

    69 KVI clusters (29 Khadi and 40 VI) have been operationalized with the distribution of tools, equipments and inauguration of common facility centres. Complementary activities have been intiated in 25 coir clusters.

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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:32 am

    Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme

    Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) is a scheme of Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. It is a credit linked, Central Sector Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme which was approved in August 2008.
    The two erstwhile schemes of the ministry Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) and Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP) were merged to launch this scheme which continued till March 31, 2008.

    Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme is a significant initiative with a higher level of subsidy than both PMRY and REGP.
    Objectives:


    • The main objective of this programme is to generate employment opportunities by assisting establishment of micro enterprises in rural as well as urban areas by the first generation entrepreneurs.
    The scheme is expected to increase the participation by and coverage of rural beneficiaries by KVIC and State Governments in a more focused manner through rationalized implementation, focused EDP Training, monitoring and verification procedures to be piloted and coordinated by KVIC, Khadi Village Industries Boards and District Industries Centres (DICs) of State Governments.
    The funds earmarked under the scheme would be utilized for providing subsidy to the beneficiaries through banks and meeting cost of training as well as backward and forward linkages.
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:33 am

    DRDA Administration


    The objective of the scheme of DRDA Administration is to strengthen the DRDAs and to make them more professional and effective. It is visualized as a specialized agency capable of managing anti-poverty programmes of the Ministry on the one hand and effectively relate these to the overall efforts of poverty eradication in the districts on the other. This scheme is funded on a 75:25 basis by the Centre and State Governments and on 90:10 basis in respect of Centre and North-Eastern States for meeting administrative costs. In the case of UTs the Centre provides 100% funds for the scheme.

    In Union Budget 2010-11 the outlay for DRDA Administration has been kept for Rs. 405 Crore
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:35 am

    Proposed National Seed Bank
    Government of India is planning to establish a National Seed Bank. This seed bank will help farmers in the event of any crisis of shortage of seeds to cultivate.


    • Proposed Seed Bank would cover all varieties of seeds like oil, cereals and pulses depending on the situation of each states in the country.

    • It would be established with the cooperation of National Seeds Corporation and State-level agencies.

    • Private operators also could be accommodated for the purpose which was expected to come into being with in a year or two.

    • Seed Reserve would be set up on the lines of National Food Buffer Stock. The idea is to ensure that no farmer leave his farmland barren for the want of seeds.

    • The move is to help the farmers in the event of any crisis of shortage of seed to grow and the cost would be borne by the Government.

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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:35 am

    Rural Business Hubs


    Rural Business Hubs is an initiative by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India and the Confederation of Indian Industry started in 2007. (ref)
    Rural Business Hubs is a first-of-its-kind Public, Private and Panchayat Partnership which aims to foster and permeate economic growth into and for rural India.
    The concept of Rural Business Hubs is based upon synnergically link rural products, skills and produces with the marketing and professional skills of the industry to overcome the impending factors which hinder economic growth from reaching rural India. Such impediments are Poor market linkages , weak Infrastructure , Fragmented farms and farming , Many layers of intermediaries , Lack of standardisation and grading etc.
    Current Situation:
    Till February 2010, Government has identified 35 districts for Rural Business Hubs intervention programme in consultation with State Governments. So far 26 district RBH workshops have been organised and champion products identified. In addition, financial assistance to 49 projects throughout the country has been extended for establishment of RBH.
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:36 am

    National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID)

    Government of India is setting up a national intelligence grid called NATGRID.It is a brainchild of Home Minister P Chidambaram. ThisNATGRID will be fully set up by May 2011 where each individual's data ranging from land records, Internet logs, phone records, gun records, driving license, property records, insurance, and income tax records would be available in real time and with no oversight.
    NATGRID & UID:
    The government believes that UID project may not be enough to eliminate the risks of terror on the domestic front. NATGRID is currently awaiting the approval of the Cabinet Committee on Security.
    With a UID from the Unique Identification Authority of India being given to every Indian from February 2011, the government would be able track people in real time. A national population registry of all citizens will be established by the 2011 census, during which fingerprints and iris scans would be taken along with GPS records of each household.
    Basic Idea:
    The basic idea of the government is to network 21 available databases across government and private agencies to 'flag potential terrorist threats.
    How it will work?
    These databases will be linked to enable security and intelligence agencies get any information at the press of a button under the National Intelligence Grid. Only 11 selected government agencies will be able to access the grid and a special mechanism will prevent any leakage of data. As such, the raw data will reside with the provider agencies and will be readily available to NATGRID, as it will only take abstracted and approved subsets of information from the original databases.

    The eleven agencies who will have access to the database include the Intelligence Bureau, Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), Military Intelligence, Revenue Intelligence, National Intelligence Agency and National Security Council. Personnel from these agencies will be work with NATGRID to liaison with their parent organisations and guide them in usage of the data generated.

    The new system is being designed to help the government agencies combat terror and threats to internal security by generating "actionable" intelligence through search and retrieval from the networked databases. The grid will have a command centre that will double up as an anti-terror hot line and will have an international connect to network with data available in other countries that is useful to keep a tab on suspects.
    Who is Captain Raghu Raman:
    In 2009 Mahindra Special Services Group CEO Captain Raghu Raman had been appointed Chief Executive Officer of the National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) project to strengthen the intelligence sharing and analysing mechanism in the country.He has been hired on a 18 month contract and enjoys the perks of a joint secretary.

    Captain Raghu Raman is a Former Soldier and during his 10 year stint with the forces he spent time battling counter-insurgency in Punjab, leading troops in active operations in Siachen Glacier, as a UN Peace Keeper in Angola and finally as an instructor teaching tactics and leadership to young officers in the School of Armored Warfare.
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:37 am

    Global Advisory Network Group on Environmental Sciences (GANGES)

    Global Advisory Network Group on Environmental Sciences (GANGES) is one of the 5 specific initiatives of Ministry of Environment & Forests, which have been announced as a series of measures to strengthen the scientific base underlying the activities of the Ministry.
    It is a new forum that comprises world’s leading environmental scientists of Indian origin, established to advise the Government of India on the country’s environmental sciences agenda. GANGES will focus on questions such as:


    • What areas of Environmental Sciences should we focus on?

    • How should the government engage on this agenda (identify priority areas, directly conduct research, support and fund outside research, etc.)?

    • Which institutional collaborations should be undertaken in specific areas and in what way?

    • How should academia and private sector be engaged?

    • How should innovation in this space be stimulated, and how do we fast-track development, demonstration and dissemination?
    12 globally renowned scientists are part of this group. They are :


    • Subra Suresh, School of Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA

    • Jagadish Shukla, Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Earth Sciences, George Mason University, USA

    • Purnendu Dasgupta, Department of Analytical and Environmental Chemistry, University of Texas, Arlington, USA

    • Veerabhadran Ramanathan, University of California, San Diego, USA

    • Asit Biswas, Third World Centre for Water Management, Queens University, Canada

    • Ashok Gadgil, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA

    • Pratim Biswas, Washington University in St. Louis, USA

    • Kamal Bawa, University of Massachusetts, Boston

    • Tam Sridhar, Faculty of Engineering, Monash University, Australia

    • Shankar Sastry, Dean of Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, USA

    • Venkatachalam Ramaswamy, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, University of Colorado, Boulder Institute, USA

    • Venky Narayanamurti, Science, Technology and Public Policy Programme, Harvard Kennedy School, USA
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:37 am

    Backward Regions Grant Fund Programm

    Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF) was launched by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh at Barpeta in Assam on 19th February 2006. This programme signifies a new approach to addressing persistent regional imbalances in development. The programme has subsumed the Rashtriya Sama Vikas Yojana (RSVY), a scheme earlier being administered by the Planning Commission.

    This Programme covers 250 districts in 27 States, of which 232 districts fall under the purview of Part IX and Part IX-A of the Constitution dealing with the Panchayats and the Municipalities respectively. The remaining 18 districts are covered by other local government structures, such as Autonomous District and Regional Councils under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution and state specific arrangements as in the case of Nagaland and the hill areas of Manipur.

    Approach:
    The BRGF programme represents a major shift in approach from top-down plans to participative plans prepared from the grassroots level upwards. Panchayats at the Village, Intermediate and District levels and Municipalities, constituted under Parts IX and IX-A of the Constitution, are positioned as institutions for planning and implementing the programme. The conviction that drives this new locally driven approach is that grassroots level democratic institutions know best the dimensions of poverty in their areas and are, therefore, best placed to undertake individually small, but overall, significant local interventions to sustainably tackle local poverty alleviation.

    Proposed Budget Allocation:
    In 2009-10, the budget allocation for BRGF as Rs. 4670 crore has been proposed.

    Panchayats as base Institutions:
    In order to make optimal use of Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF), the Ministry of Panchayati Raj on February 2, 2010 designates Panchayats as base institutions for planning and implementation at the Village, Intermediate and District levels and the Municipalities. Exception to this is provided to States that are not covered by Part IX of the Constitution. The Panchayats at various tiers can plan and implement projects within their allocation and as per the functions assigned to them through the State laws.

    Under the BRGF, the participatory plans prepared by each Panchayat and Municipality will be consolidated into the district plan by the District Planning Committee. In planning and implementation of the BRGF, active participation by each Panchayat and Municipality will be there so as to ensure that all the financial resources available in the district are used optimally without delay, diversion, duplication or leakage.
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:38 am

    National Tobacco Control Programme

    On 28 January 2010, Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved the National Tobacco Control Programme (NTCP).
    Objective:
    This programme aims to build the capacity of the States and Districts to facilitate effective implementation of the Tobacco Control Laws and to bring about greater awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco.

    Componets:
    The proposed NTCP has 3 componets as follows:
    (A) National level:


    • Public awareness and media campaigns for awareness building and for behavioural change;

    • Establishment of tobacco product testing laboratories, to build regulatory capacity, as required under COTPA, 2003;

    • Mainstreaming the programme components as a part of the health delivery mechanism under the NRHM framework;

    • Mainstreaming Research & training on alternate crops and livelihoods with other nodal Ministries;

    • Monitoring and Evaluation including surveillance such as the Adult Tobacco Survey (ATS).
    (B)State level:


    • Dedicated tobacco control cells for effective implementation and monitoring of Anti Tobacco Initiatives;
    (C) District level:


    • Training of health and social workers, NGOs, school teachers and the like;

    • Local IEC activities;

    • Provision of tobacco cessation facilities;

    • School Programmes.
    Total Outlay:
    The total financial outlay for the National Tobacco Control programme in the Eleventh Plan is Rs 182 crore.

    Implemetation:
    The implementation of the NTCP will increase the awareness of the community about the harmful effects of the tobacco use, make the public aware of the provisions under COTPA, establish tobacco product testing labs and also provide baseline estimates of tobacco prevalence and status of implementation of the Tobacco Control Law. The components of the NTCP at the National level covers the entire country, while the pilot phase will focus on 42 Districts of 21 States. The NCTP is to be implemented in the remaining years of the Eleventh Plan in 42 Districts of 21 States within the NHRM framework from 2010-11.

    State governments are to work out State and Districts specific Plans in their Programme Implementation Plans (PIPs), depending on their priority. These would include training, sensitisation workshop on awareness building and implementation of the law. The funds for tobacco product testing labs are to be released in a phased manner, so that the labs are set up by 2010-11. The initial recurring expenditure for these labs will be met up to three years, an official release said here. The Adult Tobacco Survey (ATS) is to be completed in April 2010 and the evaluation of pilot phase of NTCP currently under implementation in 42 Districts of 21 States will also be taken up in 2010-11.
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:39 am

    e-PRI

    e-PRI is a a unique scheme of Panchayati Raj Ministry that proposes to provide a whole range of IT related services to Panchayati Raj Institutions as part of the Mission Mode Projects (MMPs) under NeGP (National E Governance programme).
    It has been launched by Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India on January 28, 2010. It would provide the services like Decentralised Database and Planning, PRI Budgeting and Accounting, Implementation and monitoring of Central and State sector schemes, Citizen-centric Services, Unique codes to Panchayats and Individuals, Essential GIS-based applications, On-line Self-learning medium for elected representatives and official functionaries. E PRI also envisages providing computing facilities along with connectivity to all the 2.36 lakh panchayats at a tentative cost of Rs 4,500 crore over a three-year period. Panchayats being the basic unit for planning and implementation of Cenral/States programmes and schemes, 'e-PRI' would be the umbrella MMP where Information and Service Needs Assessment, Business Process Engineering and Detailed Budget Reports for 27 States were ready for access.

    Objective of e-PRI MMP


    • Enabling Panchayats to better deliver its mandated services to the Citizens through IT.

    • Enabling PRIs to use IT as a tool for transparency, disclosure of services to Citizens and social audit

    • Improving internal management processes and decision making in Panchayats

    • Enabling PRIs to use IT for electronic tagging and tracking of funds transferred to Panchayats, including rapid bank transfer of funds, tracking fund transfers to, expenditures of the Panchayats
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:39 am

    New Market Development Scheme for Khadi & Village products

    On January 28, 2010, The CCEA (Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs) approves introduction of a new Market Development Assistance (MDA) Scheme for Khadi and Village products and polyvastra.The scheme starts from April 1, 2010. This will be monitored by Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.

    Who are the beneficiaries:
    This scheme envisages financial assistance at the rate of 20 per cent of production value on Khadi and Village products and polyvastra. The assistance is to be shared among spinners and weavers, producing institutions and selling institutions at the rate of 25 per cent, 30 per cent and 45 per cent of total value of MDA at an estimated cost of Rs 345.05 crore.

    Operational Period :
    This new scheme replaces the existing rebate scheme on Khadi and polyvastra. It will be operational during 2010-11 and 2011-12 as recommended in the Expenditure Finance Committee.

    Advantages over the previous scheme:


    • The MDA scheme has certain significant advantages over the earlier rebate scheme.

    • Rebate was meant only for price subsidisation with little emphasis on quality improvement, where MDA proposes to improve the quality of the products, marketing standards and techniques, besides trying to bring in a modern and competitive trend in its entire approach.

    • Though normal rebate was provided throughout the year, sales usually picked up only during the period when the special rebate was extended. Thus, sales were getting concentrated only during the period of special rebate.

    • The MDA scheme proposes to distribute sales throughout the year. It provides specific earmarking and distribution of allocation and commitment for enhanced wages to artisans, which would help improve the standard of living of khadi artisans, majority of whom belong to the Below Poverty Line (BPL) category.

    • Rebate does not have any specific component in this regard. The MDA scheme strives to bring in a competitive approach in the Khadi sector, since any subsidy or grant approach cannot last forever and the sector will survive only it takes up the challenge of sustaining itself through its internal resources.

    • Rebate on sales include the component on value addition on production which entails dyeing, colouring, designing, stitching and packaging which will not be covered under the MDA.
    The scheme is expected to result in sustainability and effective development of khadi, enhancement of artisans' welfare through their effective empowerment, sale of Khadi on its own strength and gradual reduction in reliance on government grant for growth in the Khadi sector.It is estimated that a minimum of 200 beneficiaries per institution, in more than 1,600 institutions across the country, will be benefited by the MDA scheme. KVIC will be responsible for implementation of the MDA scheme.
    (Inputs from a press release from Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises)
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    Re: Developmental Plans in India

    Post  Abhishek on Sun May 01, 2011 12:40 am

    National Noise Monitoring Network


    India's Union Environment and Forests Ministry decides to set up a National Ambient Noise Monitoring Network on the pattern of existing Air and Water Networks. A road map has been prepared by the ministry which shall be ready by September 2010. Under this network noise monitoring centers will be set on pilot basis in 7 cities viz Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Lucknow. Each city will have 10 stations. By 2011 the network will be expanded to 18 more cities with 5 stations in each city. There will be 160 stations placed in 2 years time frame. Rs. 10 crores will be spent in these two year sunder the current 5 year plan.

    Objective:
    This will a make available a systematic national level monitoring and reporting network in the country similar to case of air and water pollution. The job is at present done by Central and State Pollution Control Boards on random basis. The Objective of this Road Map is to facilitate setting up of a systematic national level noise monitoring network in a time bound manner. The baseline data which shall be created in these stations will be utilized to control noise at regional and national level.

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